Visitors of Kythira have the opportunity to admire the sights that will encounter in their daily outings to the scattered villages.
The Byzantine castle of Paleochora, the cave of St. Sophia, the waterfall of Mylopotamos, historical Venetian castles and bridges that built during the occupation of the island by the British, are some of the spots worthy to visit.
Paleochora, known also as Agios Dimitrios, was the Byzantine capital of the island. There, islanders had found shelter from pirates. Such is the position of the castle, that is not visible neither by land nor from the sea.
The old town was built round. Walking among the ruins of the village, you reach a point from where the view to the gorge Kakia Lagada and the high altitude are breath taking.
You will encounter the Byzantine church of Saint Barbara, built in the 13th century.
The Venetian castle or “Fortezza”, a fortress from the 13th century, stands imposingly over the natural harbor of the capital Kapsali. Being between the Aegean, Ionian and Cretan Sea, was given also the name “Eye of Crete” because from there watched the movements of ships.
Passing the newly renovated houses next to the entrance of the castle and climbing the brick alley, come across the “fossa”, the tunnel of the castle. On your left you will see the prisons and on your right the tanks of the old aqueduct.
One of the most important sights of Kythira is the cave of Agia Sophia in Mylopotamos, at the west side of the island. According to mythology, the cave was the love nest of Paris and Hellen when they took refuge in Kythira. Experts believe that the cave is very large, but till today only 220 meters are open to visitors.
Kato Chora of Mylopotamos, is one of the most scenic villages of the island. The well-preserved houses with their stone planters, highly remind the Venetian architecture. Due to lack of space, but also for the protection of the people from pirate raids are built next to each other, left and right of the narrow street that crosses the village.
The castle was built in 1565 in order to house 50 families of Venetian soldiers. Before the entrance of the castle, there is the old English school that was built in 1825. Next to the gate of the fort, you can admire the winged Lion of St. Mark which was a symbol of the Venetian Empire.