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The Venetian castle or “Fortezza”, a fortress from the 13th century, stands imposingly over the natural harbor of the capital Kapsali. Being between the Aegean, Ionian and Cretan Sea, was given also the name “Eye of Crete” because from there watched the movements of ships.
Passing the newly renovated houses next to the entrance of the castle and climbing the brick alley, come across the “fossa”, the tunnel of the castle. On your left you will see the prisons and on your right the tanks of the old aqueduct.
Continuing the walk, we find the powder keg whose walls have a thickness of more than a meter and just beside the church of Pantokrator.
In the old headquarters of the castle now houses the Historical Archive of Kythira, with documents from the 16th century. Before arriving at the church of Panagia Mirtidiotissa, near the walls, you will see the cannons from the Venetian, Russian and British era. The church since the 16th century was Catholic and was inaugurated Orthodox in 1806. From this point the overall view is breathtaking.